Oleic acid is an unsaturated fatty acid compound with the molecular formula C18H34O2. This composition results in an oily liquid with a pale-yellow color and no distinct odor. It is primarily obtained from both animal and vegetable sources, with olive oil being a notable example. Oleic acid is insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents.
Oleic acid exhibits high stability against oxidation and can enhance the activity of antioxidants and anti-polymerization agents. When combined with antioxidants like tocopherols, it can effectively prevent oxidation when mixed with other oils, providing increased protection against oxidation.
• Food Industry: Oleic acid is used as a cooking oil and an ingredient in food products, enhancing flavor, stability, and texture.
• Cosmetics and Personal Care Products: Oleic acid is employed in skincare and haircare products for moisturizing and softening properties.
• Pharmaceutical Industry: Oleic acid is used in topical ointments and creams to enhance ingredient absorption and as an excipient in drug formulations.
• Industrial Applications: Oleic acid is utilized as a lubricant, in soap production, and in the manufacturing of plastics, textiles, and coatings.
• Biofuel Production: Oleic acid can be converted into biodiesel, serving as a renewable fuel source.
It is used in textile, leather industry, lubricants and alkyd resins, etc